Grade 10 Course Descriptions 2021-2022
- English Language Arts
- Language Acquisition
- Individuals & Societies
- Physical & Health Education
- Ethics & Religious Culture
English Language Arts
Language & Literature
The grade 10 English language arts course, with literary themes of independence, self-discovery, the family and maturation, continues to focus on the students’ abilities in reading, writing, speaking and listening. Students begin the year with a study of the LCC Reads text and the second book selected for summer reading. During the school year, students are required to read two core novels, one complementary book (which may be used as the literature circle text), one play and a variety of poetry, short fiction and nonfiction. Language skills continue to be stressed and developed through a writing program that covers the major modes of expository expression, e.g., narration, description, exposition and argumentation. Research paper techniques are taught, as students are introduced to scholarship and research, and they complete a 1,200-1,500-word research essay. Speaking and listening skills are cultivated through informal and formal speeches, discussions, presentations and seminars. Students are evaluated according to the three provincial competencies of talk, reading and production.
The grade 10 extended English program is designed to maximize opportunities for students who have demonstrated an aptitude for and interest in the study of English. Reading primary sources in translation and in English, students immerse themselves in a rich world of dynamic ideas, recurring concerns (e.g., selfhood, reason, religion, science, secularism, political organization, rights) and enduring art. The hope is that students will come to appreciate the broad sweep of these ideas and styles. Marrying reading with writing, the course is firmly rooted in textual analysis, underpinned by student dialogue. Students are expected to read widely, both in class and at home, and to undertake a thesis-driven essay. The ability on the part of the student to assimilate new content independently is assumed, as is a willingness to forego constant teacher feedback. Like all grade 10 students, students in the course must read the LCC Reads title over the summer and deliver a formal speech in line with the demands of the QAIS public-speaking competition.
FRANÇAIS ACCUEIL (WELCOME CLASS - MYP Phases 1-2)
Les nouveaux arrivants au Québec doivent suivre des cours de français. Le cours d'accueil propose des activités adaptées aux non-francophones. Les trois compétences suivantes – interagir oralement dans des situations variées, lire et écrire des textes variés en français et s’intégrer au milieu scolaire et à la société québécoise – seront développées tout au long de l'année pour répondre aux attentes du ministère. Le vocabulaire et les expressions idiomatiques seront au cœur des échanges et permettront aux élèves d’apprécier cette langue. Finalement, les élèves de ce groupe seront capables à la fin de l'année de communiquer par des phrases simples leurs idées et leurs besoins.
FRANÇAIS DE BASE (MYP - Phases 2 et 3)
Le cours de français correspondant aux phases 2 et 3 du programme MYP s’inscrit dans le programme de français langue seconde base de la 10e année. D’abord, l’élève sera amené à enrichir son vocabulaire et son expression orale en utilisant une méthode communicative adaptée aux goûts de l’adolescent. L’élève sera invité à exprimer oralement sa pensée critique sous différents formats: débats, présentations, exposés, critiques, tables rondes, discussions, etc. La compétence en lecture sera développée à l’aide de romans faciles; l’accent sera mis sur la compréhension explicite des textes et une introduction à l’inférence sera présentée. Finalement, l’élève approfondira ses habiletés en écriture et en grammaire en composant des textes courts et en développant des stratégies de révision.
FRANÇAIS ENRICHI (MYP - Phases 4 et 5)
Le cours de français correspondant aux phases 4 et 5 du programme MYP s’inscrit dans le programme de français langue seconde enrichi du ministère de l’Éducation de la 10e année. La deuxième année du 2e cycle du cours secondaire présentera à l’élève un défi supplémentaire quant à la méthode et au matériel utilisé. Les articles de journaux exploitant l’actualité, les textes d’opinion et les nouvelles littéraires feront l’objet de lectures et de sujets d’écriture au cours de l’année. Des textes justificatifs et narratifs seront également à l’étude. Des lectures plus avancées seront proposées. La maitrise des genres et la compréhension d'expressions idiomatiques seront parfois ardues, mais l’élève pourra facilement intégrer les notions enseignées. Il est à noter que la progression des apprentissages du programme enrichi en français langue seconde du ministère de l’Éducation est très similaire à celle du programme de français langue d’enseignement. C’est pourquoi, l’élève de ce programme doit être compétent pour pouvoir le suivre.
FRANÇAIS ENRICHI (MYP - Phases 5 et 6)
Ce cours s'adresse à un jeune qui s'exprime aisément en français, qui fait peu d'erreurs de syntaxe et qui utilise un vocabulaire assez recherché. Sa compétence en lecture est avérée et il est capable d'inférer les grandes idées dans différents types de textes. On enseignera le programme de français langue seconde enrichi, qui est très similaire à celui du programme de français langue d’enseignement du ministère de l’Éducation. Ainsi, l’accent sera mis sur l’acquisition de notions de grammaire. Ce programme provincial correspond également aux phases 5 et 6 du programme d’acquisition de langues dans le programme PEI (MYP). L’élève de ce programme doit être très compétent pour pouvoir le suivre. À la fin de l’année, les élèves feront l’examen de Français - Langue seconde, programme enrichi du MEES de secondaire 5.
FRANÇAIS PROGRAMME Langue d’enseignement (MYP - Langue et littérature)
Le cours de français Programme langue d’enseignement du MEES requiert une excellente connaissance de la langue française et s’adresse à des élèves qui veulent repousser les limites de leurs apprentissages en littérature, tout en développant leur pensée critique. Les élèves doivent lire de nombreux extraits d’œuvres littéraires canadiennes-françaises afin de participer aux discussions en classe. Ce cours se veut un survol de la littérature canadienne-française depuis la fondation de l’Amérique jusqu’à nos jours. Il vise à initier les élèves au développement de la pensée française à travers les siècles et à travers certains auteurs qui ont marqué leur époque. L’élève de ce programme doit être complètement bilingue pour pouvoir le suivre puisqu’il correspond à un cours de français langue d’enseignement. À la fin de l’année, les élèves feront l’examen de Français - Langue seconde, programme enrichi du MEES de secondaire V.
FRENCH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION OVERVIEW
The French language acquisition overview shows the phases of French from grades 9 through Pre-U. The current French teacher will recommend the appropriate placement for the following school year. For students new to LCC, there may be French placement testing.
MATHEMATICS – CULTURAL, SOCIAL AND TECHNICAL OPTION (CST)
This course follows the mathematics curriculum of the ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supérieur (MEES) for secondary cycle 2, year 2 (grade 10). This course is designed for students planning to pursue CEGEP studies in the social sciences, languages, arts, communications or certain vocational and technical programs. The CST option is aimed at helping students to develop mathematical literacy so that they can appreciate the connections between mathematics and the other aspects of culture as well as its contribution to the development of society. This option provides students with tools that help them to increase their capacity for analysis, consider different possibilities, make informed decisions, support their reasoning, and take a position with respect to various issues. The use of technology is an integral part of this course. The graphing calculator (TI-83 or TI-84 family) is used frequently to investigate and test hypotheses. Computer software and/or interactive websites are used at times to provide a better visual representation of the concepts and to gather real-life data for modelling and analysis. Technology is never used as a replacement for algebraic methods, but rather as an enhancement of the understanding of mathematical concepts.
MATHEMATICS – SCIENCE OPTION (SN)
This course follows the mathematics curriculum of the ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supérieur (MEES) for secondary cycle 2, year 2 (grade 10). Elementary algebra is continued, including an in-depth look at functions and relations, factoring and applications, the exponential laws, systems of equations involving two variables of the first degree, roots, radical expressions, quadratic functions and their graphs. Heavy emphasis is placed on the role of parameters applied to a variety of functions. Statistics, both Euclidean and analytical geometry, similar figures and trigonometry are also studied. Students are encouraged to formulate conjectures and demonstrate their validity, or lack thereof, using algebraic and geometric techniques. The graphing calculator (TI-83 or TI-84 family) is used frequently to enhance the understanding of mathematical concepts.
Extended MATHEMATICS SCIENCE OPTION (SN)
This course follows the mathematics curriculum of the ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supérieur (MEES) for secondary cycle 2, year 2 (grade 10) in a compressed time frame to provide additional material from the Grade 11 Mathematics Science (SN) course, as well as supplementary extended topics for students who are more advanced in mathematics. The students in this course also participate in many national math contests.
The math continuum shows the progression of math courses from grades 10 through Pre-U. The current math teacher or the academic advisor can help you figure out the right progression. For students new to LCC, the admissions office can help advise you.
Individuals & Societies
HISTORY AND CITIZENSHIP
The history of Quebec and Canada (part II) is a compulsory course that constitutes the second half of a two-year history and citizenship course mandated by the Quebec Education Plan. The program is designed to focus on the development of Quebec and Canadian society, through the key MYP concepts of change, global interactions, time, place and space, and systems. The content unfolds along two axes: a diachronic (or vertical) axis that tracks changes in society over time, and a horizontal axis that involves a synchronic analysis focusing on defined structural categories that cut across chronological lines. Special emphasis is placed on the close analysis of primary and secondary historical documents, the development of reasoning skills, thesis development and effective communications skills. Students are required to pass a ministry examination in June to receive their credits.
The grade 10 extended history course satisfies the requirements of the history and citizenship program, which is a mandated Quebec Ministry of Education course. Extended history also offers a unique basic grounding in key historical, philosophical and political-economic concepts for students with a keen interest in the humanities and social sciences, as well as for students wishing to pursue higher-level studies in related IBDP subjects. Students are expected to learn independently in addition to being introduced to the rigours of writing research papers.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (ST)
This course covers the ministry science and technology program, which is the mandatory ministry science course. Students are provided with a general introduction to selected topics in chemistry, environmental science, physics, and technology, focusing on the nature of matter and energy and their impact on the world and society. Students reinforce their understanding through investigative activities in the science classroom. They prepare for the provincial science exam given at the end year. This course can be taken by students planning to pursue CEGEP studies in the social sciences, languages, arts, communications or certain vocational and technical programs.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (ST) AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (EST)
The two levels of this course – the ministry course (ST) and the environmental course (EST) – are taught simultaneously in an integrated form. Students are provided with a general introduction to selected topics in chemistry, environmental science and physics, focusing on the nature of matter and energy and their impact on the world and society. Every effort is made to develop an understanding of concepts through investigative activities, the study of technological objects, and the discussions of experimental evidence. Upon successful completion of these two courses, students have the prerequisites to enrol in the science options offered in grade 11. This course is designed to help students prepare for the ministry science exam (ST) in June.
The science continuum shows the progression and choice of science courses from grades 10 through Pre-U. The current science teacher or the academic advisor can help you figure out the right progression. For students new to LCC, the admissions office can help advise you.
Physical & Health Education
Physical & Health Education
The physical education program is dedicated to the development of mind, body, and heart. The grade 10 year in PHE, year five in the IB MYP programme, offers several units, including fitness education, lifetime activities, and CPR. The IB MYP key concepts of change, development, and relationships, guide these units.
The course promotes an active lifestyle through maximum participation. Students gain knowledge and competency in age-appropriate lifetime sports and games, and engage in a yoga unit opposite their CPR training. A mile run and beep test are used in the fall and spring, respectively, to assess aerobic fitness, and students participate in an introductory dance unit. The health component of the course focuses on topics leading to the achievement of a healthy, active lifestyle.
This course builds on the grade 9 course and is designed for students of all levels of interest and ability in art. The course is also designed to help prepare students for the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme in visual arts, both standard and higher levels. There is a strong emphasis placed on understanding and using the creative process in art making. Students continue to gain exposure to a wide variety of techniques and media, and to achieve a sense of personal satisfaction and discovery. Their technical abilities and capacity to visually communicate and express ideas and feelings are further extended. Drawing exercises and art history research assignments are incorporated into each unit of study and based on the practical work done in class. Critical analysis is explored and encouraged for judging the student’s own artwork and the artwork of others from historical, cultural, aesthetic, social, and psychological perspectives. Successful completion of grade 9 art is normally a prerequisite.
This course requires three years of experience on a wind or percussion instrument and an ability to sight-read music at a 3.5 band grade level. Students taking this course play in the Senior Concert Band and represent Lower Canada College in competitions, concerts, recordings, musicals, and important events. Students are expected to perform at a high level and work on developing refinement to their playing, both technically and musically. All students enrolled in this course must attend rehearsals on Mondays after school. Expectations are that students attend the annual music camp for a weekend of lessons and rehearsals (estimated fee of $240.00 for 2021-22).
Theatre Production: This class delves into all aspects of theatre production. The class starts with how to audition for a professional production and then students learn both crew elements and acting, focused on character intention and how we take on a role to become another person. They also learn set design theory for theatre.
Devised Theatre: This class looks at theatre as a force of change in the world. Students examine issues of importance, that are meaningful to them, and use theatricality to bring these issues to the stage. This class also includes improv techniques, storytelling and writing monologues.
The grade 10 MYP design course provides students with hands-on opportunities to learn computer programming and various media skills. From the onset, students perfect their skills with the intent of applying that knowledge in real-world settings by developing a product for an end-user/customer that is needed and relevant. Through various approaches to learning (ATL) skills, students employ the “Design Cycle” to identify a real world problem in need of a solution, develop a design with specifications outlining success criteria, create their product and, finally, evaluate its effectiveness so as to identify needed improvements. The course is structured according to universal design of learning principles, allowing students with different learning styles and interests to pursue a course of study that allows them develop knowledge, understanding and skills from different disciplines. For example, during the coding portion of the course, students learn a couple of languages, such as Python and Labview. Some students may subsequently choose to pursue a project using python, Raspberry Pi, and circuit design to build an automated hydroponics system, while other students may opt to use Labview to design and build an automated system for managing science experiments. Likewise, during the media segment of the course, some students may opt to master advanced video editing and effects to produce a promo video for a local charity, while others may choose to produce ad campaigns with Photoshop, Premiere, and SLR photography. Together, these objectives reflect the knowledge, skills and attitudes that students need in order to engage with and solve complex, real-life problems in both familiar and unfamiliar contexts. They represent essential aspects of design methodology.
This class is modelled after the Fab Academy, an MIT-inspired course which teaches students how to use the digital fabrication tools in a Fab Lab to make almost anything. While students work through weekly exercises, they simultaneously develop a final project which is presented at the LCC Design Fair in May. This course represents a mix between the arts and the sciences, giving students a solid introduction into how to develop prototypes that effectively communicate innovative ideas, sustainable products, or new forms of creative expression. Students are evaluated on the documentation of their work and the ability to reflect on their process. Regular postings on a personal website are required as student progress is tracked and new skills are acquired. Before selecting this option we ask that students complete a short survey to help determine if the process nature of this course is right for them.
*Note: In this course, students will be exposed to various tools and professional machinery where safety and proper decorum is required. Students will be trained to use this equipment and will be responsible for behaving according to lab rules.
Ethics & Religious Culture
Grade 10 ethics focuses on “the local community.” One objective is to help students understand their roles as members of a wider community. The Youth and Philanthropy Initiative forms a major part of this course. Students will learn about philanthropy and charitable, grassroots organizations. They will then choose a charity, volunteer there, and make a detailed presentation about the effect this organization has on the local community. They will also be encouraged to reflect on their learning.